Nikah” and “Nikaah” redirect tadabbur quran urdu pdf download. Both the groom and the bride are to consent to the marriage of their own free wills.
A formal, binding contract is considered integral to a religiously valid Islamic marriage, and outlines the rights and responsibilities of the groom and bride. There must be two Muslim witnesses of the marriage contract. Arabic word whose original literal meaning is “sexual intercourse”, but which already in the Quran is used exclusively to refer to the contract of marriage. The most common and recognized types of marriage at this time consisted of: marriage by agreement, marriage by capture, marriage by mahr, marriage by inheritance and “Mot’a” or temporary marriage. Prior to Islam, in the Arab world, women could not make decisions based on their own beliefs and had little control over their marriages. They were never bound by contract for marriage or custody of children and their consent was never sought.
Women were seldom allowed to divorce their husbands and their view was not regarded for either a marriage or divorce. If they got divorced, women were not legally allowed to go by their maiden name again. The practices of “marriage by inheritance” was forbidden. Under the Arabian pre-Islamic law, no limitations were set on men’s rights to marry or to obtain a divorce. The institution of marriage, characterized by unquestioned male superiority in the pre-Islamic law of status, was redefined and changed into one in which the woman was somewhat of an interested partner. Under Islamic law, marriage was no longer viewed as a “status” but rather as a “contract”. The essential elements of the marriage contract were now an offer by the man, an acceptance by the woman, and the performance of such conditions as the payment of dowry.
The woman’s consent was imperative. Furthermore, the offer and acceptance had to be made in the presence of at least two witnesses. A married woman also had rights over the husband as stated by Muhammad that “You have your rights upon your wives and they have their rights upon you. Your right is that they shall not allow anyone you dislike, to trample your bed and do not permit those whom you dislike to enter your home. Their right is that you should treat them well in the matter of food and clothing. The wali of the bride is normally a male relative of the bride, preferably her father. Christian or Jewish faith, in such cases the bride should be given away by someone from her religious background.