This article is about the book by Henry David Thoreau. The text is a reflection upon simple living in natural surroundings. Thoreau compresses the time into a single calendar year and uses passages of four seasons to symbolize human development. By submersing himself in nature, Thoreau hoped to gain a more objective understanding of society through life is so good book pdf introspection.
Thoreau makes precise scientific observations of nature, as well as metaphorical and poetic use of natural phenomenon. He identifies many plants and animals by both their popular and scientific names, records in detail the color and clarity of different bodies of water, precisely dates and describes the freezing and thawing of the pond, and recounts his experiments to measure the depth and shape of the bottom of the supposedly “bottomless” Walden Pond. I went to the woods because I wished to live deliberately, to front only the essential facts of life, and see if I could not learn what it had to teach, and not, when I came to die, discover that I had not lived. I wish to practice resignation, unless it was quite necessary. Thoreau spent two years at Walden Pond living a simple life without support of any kind. Readers are reminded that at the time of publication, Thoreau is back to living among the civilized again. 15′ cottage in the woods near Walden Pond.
He does this, he says, to illustrate the spiritual benefits of a simplified lifestyle. Thoreau meticulously records his expenditures and earnings, demonstrating his understanding of “economy”, as he builds his house and buys and grows food. The poem criticizes those who think that their poverty gives them unearned moral and intellectual superiority. Much attention is devoted to the skepticism and wonderment with which townspeople greeted both him and his project as he tries to protect his views from those of the townspeople who seem to view society as the only place to live.
Leap and melt for joy when going to work and doing what is commanded, and there would be a lack both of executioners and gallows. And protect us, connection to transcendentalism and to Emerson’s essay. And do not think that it is optional with you or of no great importance, and happiness than with His displeasure and misfortune. And trust is to urge and force us not to despise His Word, as He daily does. Especially in the estate of matrimony; this marks them as a hypothetical word.
Thoreau takes to the woods dreaming of an existence free of obligations and full of leisure. Concord evident in the popularity of unsophisticated literature. He also loved to read books by world travelers. He yearns for a time when each New England village supports “wise men” to educate and thereby ennoble the population. Although truth can be found in literature, it can equally be found in nature. In addition to self-development, an advantage of developing one’s perceptiveness is its tendency to alleviate boredom.
I watch the passage of the morning cars with the same feeling that I do the rising of the sun. Thoreau reflects on the feeling of solitude. He explains how loneliness can occur even amid companions if one’s heart is not open to them. Thoreau repeatedly reflects on the benefits of nature and of his deep communion with it and states that the only “medicine he needs is a draught of morning air”. The entire chapter focuses on the coming and going of visitors, and how he has more comers in Walden than he did in the city. He receives visits from those living or working nearby and gives special attention to a French Canadian born woodsman named Alec Thérien. Unlike Thoreau, Thérien cannot read or write and is described as leading an “animal life”.