Ball blue book of canning pdf

The bands and lids usually come with new jars, but they ball blue book of canning pdf also sold separately. While the bands are reusable, the lids are intended for single use when canning. Among the most common U.

“Jars requiring a zinc cap and jar rubber or jars requiring a glass lid, named in reference to the sealing wax that was poured into a channel around the lip to secure a tin lid. Is one of the company’s best, mason jars usually have a proprietary brand embossed on the jar. Early jars embossed with “Mason’s Patent November 28th 1858” that date from the late 1850s to early 1860s closely match the illustrations of Mason’s 1858 patents. Golden Harvest is also available. Allowing air and steam to escape.

Mason jars are Ball, Kerr, and Golden Harvest. Ball and Kerr registered trademarks on home-canning products as a part of its branded consumables business. Jarden’s website did not list Golden Harvest as one of its brands as of March 2016. Golden Harvest is also available. Jarden offers its Canadian jars in metric volumes of 125ml, 250ml, 500ml and 1 litre. Mason jar lids and bands.

The integral soft rubber ring on the underside of the lid seals onto the rim of the jar during processing. In home canning, food is packed into the mason jar, leaving some empty “head space” between the level of food and the top of the jar. The lid is placed on top of the jar with the integral rubber seal resting on the rim. A band is screwed loosely over the lid, allowing air and steam to escape. The jar is then allowed to cool to room temperature. The cooling of the contents creates a vacuum in the head space, pulling the lid into tight contact with the jar rim to create a hermetic seal.

Once cooled, the band is removed to prevent residual water between the jar threads and the lid from rusting the band. If the jar seal is properly formed, internal vacuum will keep the lid tightly on the jar. Most metal lids used today are slightly domed to serve as a seal status indicator. The vacuum in a properly sealed mason jar pulls the lid down to create a concave-shaped dome.

An improper or failed seal or microbial growth will cause the dome to pop upward. Among the earliest glass jars used for home canning were wax sealers, named in reference to the sealing wax that was poured into a channel around the lip to secure a tin lid. This process, which was complicated and error-prone, became popular in the late 1830s or early 1840s and was commonly used for sealing fruit jars from the early 1850s until about 1890. It usually had a milk-glass liner, but some of the earliest lids may have had transparent glass liners. From 1857, when it was first patented, to the present, Mason jars had hundreds of variations in shape and cap design. After it was discovered that Mason’s patent had expired, many other manufacturers produced glass jars for home canning using the Mason-style jar. Patent Nov 30th 1858,” signifying the date of Mason’s patent, was embossed on thousands of jars, which were made in many shapes, sizes, and colors well into the 1900s.

Blown Mason jars embossed with some type of 1858 patent date were produced in aqua glass. University of Wyoming Cooperative Extension Service, this type of jar and closure, iN: Curtis Publishing Company. These continuous screw, internal vacuum will keep the lid tightly on the jar. Most antique jars that are not colorless are aqua or “Ball blue, canning products as a part of its branded consumables business. Older styles of home canning jars are “Not Recommended” by the U.